Our motherland has given innumerable heroes, who are not fascinated by any introduction, but there are some brave heroes among them, whom the world considers brave. We have not been able to forget one such Mahavira Baji Rao Ballal Bhatt even after three hundred years. Born on August 18, 1700, Baji Rao’s strategic knowledge is also taught in foreign military institutions. His ‘entire war style’ or ‘scorched earth warfare’ is considered to be the most effective in books describing martial skills.
Renowned British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, who took part in more than fifty wars-campaigns in his life, wrote in his book History of Warfare that Baji Rao was probably the best cavalryman ever in India. His style was also used to end civil war in America, and even today many military commanders try to imitate him. Before knowing the ‘moment’ of his life, we must refresh the well-known fact that Baji Rao fought almost eight big, 32 small wars in a total of 39 years of life and the air of defeat never touched him. War means complete war, there is not even the slightest fear of being bestowed. Strategic mobility in war is so fast that the enemy does not get a chance to blink. His communications, transport, supplies, industry, life, all should be interrupted by such a fierce attack that the enemy should kneel as soon as possible. What was the ‘moment’ in the life of Baji Rao who laid the foundation of Pune, a magnificent city of the country, who gave birth to Mahavir Baji Rao?
Kishore Baji Rao was very happy that day, because the Maratha warrior father Balaji Vishwanath was also convinced. The Maratha talukedar Damaji Thorat, which was sent by King Chhatrapati Sahu Ji Maharaj to control, went to the agreement without fighting. Maratha unity was to be expanded, so Baji Rao along with his father was happily growing up in Damaji’s strong little fort at Hingangaon. That was the only thing that was in Damaji’s vicious mind. Betrayed by ambush, the father-son was imprisoned and put in a cell. There was a period of persecution through medieval barbaric methods. The bag of bait which is tied on the mouth of horses, likewise, the ashes are filled in the bag and tied on the face of father and son. The sequence of suffering was getting faster by the day. Damaji was a Maratha chieftain to call him, but had come down on his complete inferiority. Top class greedy, sly and fallible to any level of wealth. The father, trapped in the clutches of such a despicable man, had given up hope. The robber of Chauth-Lagaan demanded a ransom in front of King Chhatrapati. Since King Chhatrapati believed Balaji Vishwanath very much, he accepted to avoid the ransom by giving ransom.
This incident had a deep impact on the hearts and minds of Baji Rao, who was only 11-12 years old. Baji Rao came out of the tragic-ruthless captivity of Hingangaon and worked on pure combat skills. His own policy was that if he had gone out for war, do not trust anyone. The father had made the same mistake. When taken captive in front of Damaji, the father asked, ‘Damaji, you swore in the name of vine tree and turmeric that you would not cheat, but what did you do?’ Thorat said with crooked laughter. , ‘So what’s in it? The vine is only a tree and we eat turmeric every day. ‘
That moment or setback changed Baji Rao completely. After a year, he himself started going to war. He was so attentive and ready to strike any kind of adverse situation that his opponents and enemies were afraid to meet him. Such strategies started in which there was no scope for stoning or losing. At the age of just 20, he became the Peshwa (Prime Minister-General) of the Maratha Empire. When Baji Rao surrounded the Nawab-Nizam of the Deccan and forced him to bow down, it was his turn to take the oath. Baji Rao called for the Quran and said, ‘If you are honest, swear on the Quran that you will never fall in the fight of the Mughals and Marathas.’ , And the world still tilts.